The guide to laptop component parts
Do you need a part but you are not sure what it is called or even what it is
This guide was designed by the team at Asus-Accessories.com to help you find the Names and Descriptions of most of the components in your laptop.
PRO Tips Follow the steps below to ensure that you can reassemble your laptop after you remove a part(s).
1. Take pictures of each step and number the pictures.
2. List the parts removed(screws, clips, trays, cables…) and the tools used in each step
3. Note where each cable is connected and which connector goes where.
4. Note the order in which you remove each item (Take pictures)
5. Note the orientation (what is up/down/right/left) – should be visible in pictures.
6. Be patient and Take you time.
REASSEMBLE by reversing the process outlined above – use pictures from last to first as a guide
How to choose the exact part for your Laptop
Once you locate the part you want to change in your PC please use the Application on our Website to determine which part corresponds to your specific ASUS Laptop using the Model number. If you are unsure or there are still several choices, please let us know at email@example.com (note you will need to provide the serial number of your laptop – the link below will help you locate the serial number)
How to find SERIAL
Laptop component parts and their description
The list and description will contain links to actual items that are meant to be examples
1. BezelThe bezel is the outside frame around the Screen. The Bezel for your ASUS laptop or notebook may or may not include a hinge cover.
2. LCD Screen Panel / ModuleLCD (liquid crystal display) is the technology used for Laptop displays. The models vary greatly in their specifications and connectors.
We strongly recommend that you let us (firstname.lastname@example.org) confirm which panel/module is designed for your specific Asus laptop.
3. LCD Back coverThe LCD back cover protects the LCD screen and usually has the brand logo – top of computer when it is closed. Note- In some of the ASUS models the different colors are NOT interchangeable.
4. Hinge / Hinge coverLaptop hinges connect the lid to the bottom case (chassis) of the laptop.
They allow you to open and close your laptop. LVDS cables (ribbons) connecting the graphics card and the screen are fed through the hinge assembly so please beware when you disassemble.
5. LCD Inverter card / cableMany LCD screens use a cold-cathode fluorescent lamp that requires an inverter which converts Direct Current (DC) power supply to Alternating Current (AC). They are widely used for backlights in Laptop LCD panels. (link shows both cable and cards)
6. LVDS cableLVDS cable is a Low Voltage Differential Signaling (LVDS) cable.
LVDS cables (ribbon) are custom made to interface between your LCD and Control / SBC or Embedded Mother Board.
7. Webcam moduleThe camera is most likely built into your laptop but external webcams are also available. The module (card) is usually located in the bottom chassis with a connecting cable with the camera extending to the top (bezel) of your screen. The camera is sometimes sold as part of the LVDS cable connector set.
8. WiFi antennaWifi Antenna is an antenna used for Wireless communication
9. SpeakerInternal speakers are usually assembled in the bottom chassis just above the Keyboard.
10. KeyboardKeyboard is presently the most used interface on your Laptop.
Be sure to select the keyboard that is made for your ASUS laptop.
You should also be aware that there are many types of keyboard layouts. Often people refer to the language and first six letters (left to right) on the top row of the keyboard to describe a layout (QWERTY, AZERTY); however, that is not enough.
For example, US QWERTY, UK QWERTY, and Canadian QWERTY are different. These differences are not great but when you are accustomed to a layout there can be a learning curve. Please make sure that you select the layout carefully. Similar differences exist between Spanish and Latin keyboard layouts.
11. Palm rest / Top casePalm rest / Top case frames and holds keyboard in place
12. Touchpad boardA touchpad is a device for controlling the pointer on the screen (like a mouse). A touchpad works by sensing the user's finger movement and pressure.
13. Touchpad mylar (TP Mylar)Touchpad Mylar (TP Mylar) is actually a brand name. This is an adhesive film that covers and protects the touchpad. It comes in different colors to match your laptop. Beware of the different shades of colors…dare we say shades of grey.
14. CPU Fan / heatsink and VGA fan / heatsinkFans draw cooler air into the case from the outside, expel warm air from inside the case.
The fans will often blow the air across heat sinks.
A heat sink is a passive heat exchanger that transfers the heat generated by the laptop to the air, where it is dissipated away from the device, which allows your Laptop to maintain the internal temperature at optimal levels.
Not all fan assemblies have a heat sink. Most high performance Laptops, like the ROG (Republic of Gamers) series, have 2 fans. One (1) for the CPU (Central Processing unit) the Main chip on the motherboard and Another (2) for the GPU (Graphics Processing Unit).
15. Wifi / Bluetooth boardWifi /Bluetooth board allows you to connect to a wifi signal.
16. BatteryBattery supplies power to a device, enabling that device to work without a power cord.
17. Power cord / AC adapter / ChargerCharger is this is that darn thing you need to lug around to recharge your battery or to use your Laptop when your battery is dead. Sorry but chargers are not interchangeable.
First there is the obvious the connectors must match your Asus laptop. Second the plug must be adapted to the country you are in.
The most important thing, however, is that the number of watts the power supply provides is at least what is recommended for your Laptop. We strongly recommend that you replace any lost or damaged Charger with the original ASUS charger to avoid any damage to your laptop.
18. MotherboardMotherboard is a printed circuit board containing the principal components of your laptop such as the CPU and with connectors for other circuit boards and memory.
19. USB boardUSB board is to allow you to connect to peripherals. Note you may need a USB internal connector cable depending on your model.
20. Bottom caseThe bottom part of the chassis – We should say the major part of the bottom of the chassis. Many models have a separate Battery cover and newer models also have a cover to access the RAM memory. You will also find some that come with connectors and speakers depending on the model.
21. HDD / SDD coverHDD / ssd cover cover for your hard drive
22. RAM coverRAM cover is the door access cover to RAM memory (can be part of Bottom case)
23. CPUCPU (Central Processing Unit) It is the brains of the computer and is attached to the Motherboard. We do not recommend that you change the CPU without a certain degree of expertise.
24. RAMRAM (Random Access Memory) memory is not stored permanently but is used by the central processing unit (CPU) when a computer is running to store information that needs to be readily available. The rule of thumb is the more the better/faster. Again not all RAM cards are created equal. You need to know what type of RAM and how much RAM can be installed on your Laptop.
25. IO board - input / output boardIO board - input / output board is a card that allows data to be transferred to or from a computer. The IO boards shown below are for USB and have the sound controller incorporated.
26. Power controller board / DC boardPower controller board / DC Board regulates the power supply
27. Hard disk - HDD / SSDHard disk (HDD / SSD) Storage memory - HDDs are cheaper and you can get more storage space for cheaper. SSDs (Solid State Drives) have no moving parts and are faster, lighter, more durable, and use less energy.
28. DVD reader / writerDVD or Blue Ray reader / Writer
29. Screw kitEach laptop has specific size screws. We strongly recommend that you use the original ASUS screws that are sold in kits for your specific device.
30. Rubber feet (skates)Rubber feet are found on the bottom case. Some are sold separately and some are not. Beware the shapes may be similar but they are not easily interchangeable.
There are many parts that you may need for your laptop that are not listed here.
Remember, we at ASUS-ACCESSORIES are here to help. We have access to all available original ASUS parts.